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Title: Sequence variation of PfEMP1-DBLalpha in association with rosette formation in Plasmodium falciparum isolates causing severe and uncomplicated malaria
Authors: Natharinee Horata
ณัฐริณี หอระตะ
Thareerat Kalambaheti
ธารีรัตน์ กะลัมพะเหติ
Craig, Alister
Srisin Khusmith
ศรีสิน คูสมิทธิ์
Mahidol University. Faculty of Tropical Medicine. Department of Microbiology and Immunology.
Srisin Khusmith
Keywords: Amino acid sequence;Cluster analysis;DNA, protozoan;Erythrocytes;Intercellular adhesion molecule-1;Malaria, falciparum;Molecular sequence data;Plasmodium falciparum;Protozoan proteins;Receptors, complement 3b;Sequence Analysis, DNA;Sequence homology, amino acid;Open Access article
Issue Date: 4-Aug-2009
Citation: Horata N, Kalambaheti T, Craig A, Khusmith S. Sequence variation of PfEMP1-DBLalpha in association with rosette formation in Plasmodium falciparum isolates causing severe and uncomplicated malaria. Malar J. 2009 Aug 4;8:184.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Rosetting and cytoadherence of Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells have been associated with severity of malaria. ICAM-1 and CD36 are the main host cell receptors, while PfEMP1-DBLalpha is a major parasite ligand, which can contribute to rosette formation. This study is aimed at demonstrating whether the highly polymorphic PfEMP1-DBLalpha sequences occurring among Thai isolates causing severe and uncomplicated malaria are associated with their ability to form rosettes and reflected the clinical outcome of the patients. METHODS: Two hundred and ninety five PfEMP1-DBLalpha sequences from Thai clinical isolates causing severe and uncomplicated malaria were evaluated by sequencing and direct comparison using the specific text string analysis functions in Microsoft Excel and Perl. The relationships between the PfEMP1-DBLalpha sequences were also analysed by network analysis. The binding abilities of parasitized red blood cells (PRBCs) to CD36, wild type ICAM-1, ICAM-1Kilifi and ICAM-1S22/A under static condition were included. RESULTS: Two hundred and eighty one non-identical amino acid sequences were identified (< 95% sequence identity). When the distributions of semi-conserved features (PoLV1-4 and sequence group) within the rosetting domain PfEMP1-DBLalpha were observed, close similarity was found between isolates from the two disease groups. The sequence group 1 representing uncomplicated malaria was significantly different from the sequence group 3 representing the majority of severe malaria (p = 0.027). By using a simple non-phylogenetic approach to visualize the sharing of polymorphic blocks (position specific polymorphic block, PSPB) and cys/PoLV among DBLalpha sequences, the sequence group 1 was split from the other five sequence groups. The isolates belonging to sequence group 5 gave the highest mean rosetting rate (21.31%). However, within sequence group 2 and group 6, the isolates causing severe malaria had significantly higher rosetting rate than those causing uncomplicated malaria (p = 0.014, p = 0.007, respectively). CONCLUSION: This is the first report of PfEMP1-DBLalpha analysis in clinical Thai isolates using semi-conserved features (cys/PoLV and PSPBs). The cys/PoLV group 5 gave the highest rosetting rate. PfEMP1-DBLalpha domains in Thai isolates are highly diverse, however, clinical isolates from severe and uncomplicated malaria shared common sequences.
ISSN: 1475-2875 (electronic)
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