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Title: Molecular identification and phylogeny of Steinernema and Heterorhabditis nematodes and their efficacy in controlling the larvae of Aedes aegypti, a major vector of the dengue virus
Authors: Chanakan Subkrasae
Jiranun Ardpairin
Abdulhakam Dumidae
Pichamon Janthu
Wipanee Meesil
Paramaporn Muangpat
Sarunporn Tandhavanant
Aunchalee Thanwisai
Apichat Vitta
Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University
Naresuan University
Keywords: Agricultural and Biological Sciences;Immunology and Microbiology;Medicine;Veterinary
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2022
Citation: Acta Tropica. Vol.228, (2022)
Abstract: Aedes aegypti is the mosquito vector of several arboviruses, especially the dengue virus. Aedes aegypti strain resistant to chemical insecticides have been reported worldwide. To tackle this, an entomopathogenic nematode (EPN) may be an alternative bio-control agent. To this end, this study aims to isolate, identify, and analyze the phylogeny of EPNs in Thailand and evaluate their efficacy for controlling the Ae. aegypti larvae. From 12 provinces in Thailand, soil samples were randomly collected, with 118 out of 1,100 them being positive for EPNs (10.73% prevalence) in genera Steinernema (4.46%) and Heterorhabditis (6.27%). Then, molecular discrimination of these two genus was performed based on the sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of the 28S rDNA and internal transcribed spacer regions. The most abundant species of EPN were Heterorhabditis indica, with minor species of Heterorhabditis sp. SGmg3, H. baujardi, S. surkhetense, S. kushidai, S. siamkayai, Steinernema sp. YNd80, Steinernema sp. YNc215, S. guangdongense, and S. huense. The larvicidal activity of five selected EPN isolates were tested against Ae. aegypti. Ten larvae of Ae. aegypti were incubated with different concentration (80, 160, 320, and 640 IJs/larva) of the infective juveniles of EPN in a 24-well and 6-well plates for 4 days. The mortality rates of the larvae were observed daily. Steinernema surkhetense (ePYO8.5_TH) showed the potential to kill mosquito larvae, with the highest mortality rate of 92 ± 9.37% and 89 ± 9.91% after it was treated with 640 IJs/larva in a 24-well plate and 1600 IJs/larva in a 6-well plate, respectively. There is an abundant distribution of EPNs across the country, and S. surkhetense ePYO8.5_TH may be used as a biocontrol agent against Ae. aegypti larvae.
ISSN: 18736254
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2022

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