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|Title:||Fungus-Derived 3-Hydroxyterphenyllin and Candidusin A Ameliorate Palmitic Acid-Induced Human Podocyte Injury via Anti-Oxidative and Anti-Apoptotic Mechanisms|
Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University
Prince of Songkla University
|Keywords:||Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology;Chemistry;Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics|
|Citation:||Molecules. Vol.27, No.7 (2022)|
|Abstract:||Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a leading cause of end-stage renal disease. An elevated fatty acid plasma concentration leads to podocyte injury and DN progression. This study aimed to identify and characterize cellular mechanisms of natural compounds that inhibit palmitic acid (PA)–induced human podocyte injury. By screening 355 natural compounds using a cell viability assay, 3-hydroxyterphenyllin (3-HT) and candidusin A (CDA), isolated from the marine-derived fungus Aspergillus candidus PSU-AMF169, were found to protect against PA-induced podocyte injury, with half-maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of ~16 and ~18 µM, respectively. Flow cytometry revealed that 3-HT and CDA suppressed PA-induced podocyte apoptosis. Importantly, CDA significantly prevented PA-induced podocyte barrier impairment as determined by 70 kDa dextran flux. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) direct scavenging assays indicated that both compounds exerted an anti-oxidative effect via direct free radical–scavenging activity. Moreover, 3-HT and CDA upregulated the anti-apoptotic Bcl2 protein. In conclusion, 3-HT and CDA represent fungus-derived bioactive compounds that have a novel protective effect on PA-induced human podocyte apoptosis via mechanisms involving free radical scavenging and Bcl2 upregulation.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2022|
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