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|Title:||Simultaneous production of hydrogen and carbon nanotubes from biogas: On the effect of Ce addition to CoMo/MgO catalyst|
King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok
Amano Institute of Technology
|Keywords:||Energy;Physics and Astronomy|
|Citation:||International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. Vol.46, No.77 (2021), 38175-38190|
|Abstract:||In this study, hydrogen and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are simultaneously produced via a synergistic combined process of CO2 methanation (METH) and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) processes using biogas as a feedstock. METH process could upgrade CO2 containing biogas into CH4-rich gas which then decomposed into H2 and forming CNTs over CoMo/MgO catalyst by CVD process. The effects of Ce addition to CoMo/MgO were investigated. Comprehensive characterization confirms that all as-synthesized samples composed of well-aligned multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with a narrow size distribution. The Ce addition improved CoMo dispersion on MgO, resulting in smaller and uniform CNTs. The small addition of Ce into CoMo/MgO catalyst could enhance the production CNTs yield. The higher Ce addition would, however, result in the CNTs yield decreased, attributed to a high basicity of CeO2 surface and a large coverage of CeO2 on the catalyst surface. The IG/ID increased with increased Ce addition, while the surface area monotonically decreased, attributed to a decrease in defects of nanotubes. In addition, this wisely combined process could result in a remarkable 100%CO2 elimination, while high CH4 conversion of 90% was obtained. The H2 production yield could gain more than 30 vol% with respect to H2 in the feed stream. The H2 yield and purity in the effluent gas stream were approximately 90%.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scopus 2021|
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