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Title: Bridging the Form and Function Gap in Urban Green Space Design through Environmental Systems Modeling
Authors: K. N. Irvine
Ho Huu Loc
Chansopheaktra Sovann
Asan Suwanarit
Fa Likitswat
Ranjna Jindal
Thammarat Koottatep
J. Gaut
L. H.C. Chua
Lai Wen Qi
Koen De Wandeler
Royal University of Phnom Penh
KU Leuven
Deakin University
Mahidol University
Thammasat University
Asian Institute of Technology Thailand
Nanyang Technological University
Keywords: Engineering;Environmental Science;Social Sciences
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2021
Citation: Journal of Water Management Modeling. Vol.29, (2021)
Abstract: Using a case study approach from past projects in Singapore, Australia, Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam, we examine the benefits, but also some of the challenges, to implementing green space in urban design. Green space can have multiple physical and psychological wellbeing benefits, as well as environmental benefits, including urban runoff quantity and quality management, urban heat island abatement, air quality improvement, and noise reduction. Water sensitive urban design (WSUD) can be an important element of green space design and here we explore how modeling of ecosystem services and dynamic modeling of WSUD can help to facilitate sound planning and management decision making in support of green space implementation. As we illustrate with examples for Australia, Singapore and Cambodia, we believe that application of an urban ecosystem services modeling approach can elucidate environmental benefits of urban green space that otherwise may not be considered. Engineers may include dynamic modeling of WSUD in support of an urban master plan, or urban redevelopment, but generally urban planners are less conversant in applying models. We discuss some of the challenges to integrating multidisciplinary visioning and modeling of green space design and performance evaluation through our experience with a stormwater and wastewater design study for Cha Am, Thailand, that included landscape architecture and engineering classes at Thammasat University, Mahidol University, and AIT. Through a case study of Phnom Penh, we illustrate how modeling and 3D visualization can be used to effectively explore the benefits of green space. We conclude that a user-friendly decision support system is needed to integrate modeling and visualization tools and thereby bridge the gap between form and function in urban green space design.
ISSN: 22926062
Appears in Collections:Scopus 2021

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