Publication: Plasma vascular endothelial growth factor dysregulation in defining aggressiveness of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
No. of Pages/File Size
Journal of Oncology. (2012)
Boonchu Kulapaditharom, Vipa Boonkitticharoen, Chanika Sritara (2012). Plasma vascular endothelial growth factor dysregulation in defining aggressiveness of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Retrieved from: https://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/handle/123456789/15015.
Plasma vascular endothelial growth factor dysregulation in defining aggressiveness of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
Background. High circulating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels tend to reflect tumor aggressiveness for being associated with tumor progression and prognosis. Measurement of soluble VEGF receptor-1 (sVEGFR-1) may improve diagnostic power of VEGF assay. Methods. This study investigated regulation of plasma VEGF by sVEGFR-1 in 82 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma compared with 32 healthy subjects to obtain information for assay characterization. Results. Normality or abnormality of VEGF/sVEGFR-1secretion patterns was rated into five diagnostic levels from definitely abnormal (likelihood ratios) (LRs = 4-∞) to definitely normal (LRs = 0-0.17). Because of ineffective VEGF regulation, high grade tumor had a greater chance (62.5) than low grade tumor (20) in expressing a definitely abnormal pattern and a lower chance to express the normal pattern (P=0.007). VEGF alone had much lower diagnostic power in differentiating between normal (LRs = 0.3-0.9) and abnormal secretion patterns (LRs = 2.2-2.4). Conclusions. VEGF dysregulation is suggestive of tumor aggressiveness for causing persistent plasma VEGF elevation. sVEGFR-1 improves diagnostic power of VEGF assay particularly in identifying subset of low grade tumor with underlying aggressive disease and ruling out aggressiveness in subset of high grade tumor. Copyright © 2012 Boonchu Kulapaditharom et al.