Publication: HLA-DRB1 and HLA-DQB1 are associated with adult-onset immunodeficiency with acquired anti-interferon-gamma autoantibodies
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PLoS ONE. Vol.10, No.5 (2015)
Manop Pithukpakorn, Ekkapong Roothumnong, Nasikarn Angkasekwinai, Bhoom Suktitipat, Anunchai Assawamakin, Voravich Luangwedchakarn, Pinklow Umrod, Wanna Thongnoppakhun, Suporn Foongladda, Yupin Suputtamongkol (2015). HLA-DRB1 and HLA-DQB1 are associated with adult-onset immunodeficiency with acquired anti-interferon-gamma autoantibodies. Retrieved from: https://repository.li.mahidol.ac.th/handle/123456789/35158.
HLA-DRB1 and HLA-DQB1 are associated with adult-onset immunodeficiency with acquired anti-interferon-gamma autoantibodies
© 2015 Pithukpakorn et al. Recently a newly identified clinical syndrome of disseminated non-tuberculous mycobacterial diseases (with or without other opportunistic infections in adult patients who were previously healthy, has been recognized in association with an acquired autoantibody to interferon-gamma. This syndrome is emerging as an important cause of morbidity and mortality, especially among people of Asian descent. Trigger for the production of this autoantibody remains unknown, but genetic factors are strongly suspected to be involved. We compared HLA genotyping between 32 patients with this clinical syndrome, and 38 controls. We found that this clinical syndrome was associated with very limited allele polymorphism, with HLA-DRB1 and DQB1 alleles, especially HLA-DRB1∗15:01, DRB1∗16:02, DQB1∗05:01andDQB1∗05:02. Odds ratio of DRB1∗15:01, DRB1∗16:02, DQB1∗05:01 and DQB1∗05:02were7.03 (95% CI,2.18-22.69, P<0.0001, 9.06 (95% CI, 2.79-29.46, P<0.0001), 6.68 (95% CI, 2.29-19.52, P = 0.0004), and 6.64 (95% CI, 2.30-19.20, P = 0.0004), respectively. Further investigation is warranted to provide better understanding on pathogenesis of this association.