Now showing 1 - 10 of 190
- Publicationสุขภาพหนึ่งเดียว (บทบรรณาธิการ)(2559) สมศักดิ์ วงศาวาส; Somsak Wongsawass; มหาวิทยาลัยมหิดล. สถาบันพัฒนาสุขภาพอาเซียน
- PublicationFamily Care Team (Editorial)(2015) Aroonsri Mongkolchati; Mahidol University. ASEAN Institute for Health Development
- PublicationCancer Prevention lifestyle (Editorial)(2016) Jiraporn Chompikul; Mahidol University. ASEAN Institute for Health Development
- PublicationKing Bhumibol Adulyadej and his royal projects (Editorial)(2016) Doungjai Buntup; Mahidol University. ASEAN Institute for Health Development
- PublicationInformed consent process for vulnerable populations: a multifaceted approach (Editorial)(2015) Orapin Laosee; Mahidol University. ASEAN Institute for Health Development
- PublicationRisk factors for underweight children aged 6-24 months in Quang Ngai province, Vietnam(2013) Ho Dae Chien; Jiraporn Chompikui; Santhat Sermsri; เฉียน โฮดัก; จิราพร ชมพิกุล; สันทัด เสริมศรี; Mahidol University. ASEAN Institute for Health DevelopmentA cross-sectional study was conducted to examine significant risk factors associated with underweight status among children aged 6-24 months in Quang Ngai province, Vietnam. The study factors included parental socio-demographic factors, maternal knowledge, food provision practices, and maternal and child health care. Multistage stratified sampling was used to select 250 mothers who had children aged from 6 to 24 months. After the mothers consented to participate in this study, they were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Their children were measured for weight and height. The statistics used were the Chi-square test and multiple logistic regression. Nearly 31 % of the children were underweight. The Chi-square test indicated the following factors separately significantly influenced the likelihood of children being underweight: parental education, family income, child birth weight, maternal knowledge (regarding food provision and child growth monitoring), frequency of essential food provision, orange juice provision, separation of food for children, amount of food eaten, the number of prenatal checkups, medical checkups before delivery, dation of day sleep, washing mother's hands before preparing food, drinking oral rehydration solution, and having latrines. When adjusted for iodized salts and other factors, children who were fed protein inappropriately. had a 2.18 times greater risk of being underweight than those who were appropriately fed. Appropriate feeding programs focusing on protein and iodized salt provision and raising maternal awareness of maternal and child health care should be implemented, especially for high-risk groups to reduce the prevalence of underweight children.
- PublicationFactors related to preventive behavior regarding HIV/AIDS among university students in Magway Township, Myanmar(2013) Hsu Wai Naing; Jutatip Sillabutra; Boonyong Keiwkarnka; ซู เว หนิง; จุฑาธิป ศีลบุตร; บุญยง เกี่ยวการค้า; Mahidol University. ASEAN Institute for Health DevelopmentThis cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out to identify preventive behavior and to examine factors related to preventive behavior among university students regarding HIV/AIDS. Structured questionnaires were distributed to 296 university students in Magway Township, Myanmar. Descriptive statistics were used to describe preventive behavior and independent variables: socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge, perception, influence of the media, personal influences and personal experience. The chi-square test and multiple logistic regression were used to identify factors related to preventive behavior. The results show that 89.5% of the students had good preventive behavior regarding HIV/AIDS. More than 90% of the students had only one sexual partner, used a condom when they had sexual activity and carried condoms when they went out for sexual activity. Over half of the students had a moderate level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS and 51.4% of the students had negative perceptions toward preventive behavior. Most of the students got HIV/AIDS-related knowledge from television/videos, journals, magazine, cartoon booklets and pamphlets. Most students were influenced by health personnel, followed by NGO/INGO personnel, friends and teachers. Multiple logistic regression revealed that only personal allowances and personal experience showed a significant association with preventive behavior, when adjusted with other factors. Even though the preventive behavior of the students was good, some of them still did not understand HIV/ AIDS issues or had misconceptions about such issues. Therefore, health education for the youth about HIV/AIDS and methods for preventing HIV/AIDS should be routinely conducted to improve the students’ knowledge and to provide students with a correct understanding of HIV/AIDS and preventive methods.
- PublicationManagement of aging society in Kobe, Japan(2016) Phetcharee Rupavijetra; Jiraporn Chompikul; Ploypailin Rupavijetra; เพ็ชรี รูปะวิเชตร์1 2 และ3; จิราพร ชมพิกุล; พลอยไพลิน รูปะวิเชตร์; Mahidol University. ASEAN Institute for Health Developmentons at all levels have responded to this matter by initializing policies and plans for the management of the elderly society. This research aimed to describe the following issues: (1) long-term care insurance for the elderly and (2) health care services for the elderly. The research was based on the principles of documentary and qualitative research. The data were collected via document research and interviews with the Kobe Municipal officers which was composed of the chief and three staff members of the Elderly and Welfare Section for policies, plans, and management of the aging society in the Kobe Municipality during October- November, 2014. In addition, the data were collected from interviews with twenty elderly Japanese people who participated in Shiawase–no-mura (the Comprehensive Welfare Complex). Content analysis was used to analyze the data. The research findings were as follows: (1) long-term care insurance for the elderly is a policy that provides care for the elderly, and is based on “Welfare Law for the Elderly” which was designed for low income elderly who have no family to care for them. However, the new long-term care insurance departs from past practices with respect to the following: (a) shifting the major responsibility for care giving from family to the state; (b) integrating medical care and social services via unified financing; (c) enhancing consumer choice and competition by allowing free choice of providers; (d) requiring older persons themselves to share the costs via insurance premiums as well as copayments; and (e) expanding local governmentautonomy and management capacity in social policy. (2) As far as health care services for the elderly is concerned, the Japanese government’s initiative, the Welfare Law for the Elderly, has a special system for the elderly, called “Health Service System for the Elderly.” The facility services in special nursing homes and home care aid services are funded by taxes. For, the Kobe Municipal has policies, plans, and management designed for the aging society: the long-term care insurance is that in which Kobe city is equipping itself to manage effectively the trend of increasing numbers of aging people by launching the statement, “keep life and take care” as well as planning for aged people with Alzheimer’s disease and aged people who are isolated. Kobe established the “Shiawase–no-mura”: the Comprehensive Welfare Complex designed for the elderly including the disabled and all the members in the family, and the program called Kobe Senior Citizens’ College or “Silver College,” which provides for the elderly to maintain life-long learning. The curriculum is composed of a general course which provides general education, sports, and health management studies, and the special courses include welfare community, living environment, international exchange, cooperation, and general art. The research finding suggested that long-term care insurance, health care services and colleges for the elderly should be promoted to improve the quality of their life.
- PublicationFactors associated with tobacco use among male adolescents in Magway Township, Myanmar(2013) Htein Linn; Jiraporn Chompikul; Jutatip Sillabutra; Somsak Wongsawass; เทียน ลิน; จิราพร ชมพิกุล; จุฑาธิป ศีลบุตร; สมศักดิ์ วงศาวาสA community based cross-sectional study was carried out in Magway Township, Myanmar to examinefactors influencing tobacco use among male adolescents aged 18-24 years. In March, 2012, 275 male adolescents were recruited in this study and the data were collected by using structured questionnaires. Chi-square tests and multiple logistic regression were used to examine factors associated with tobacco use. The results showed that the prevalence of tobacco use was 49%. Among the users, 94.1% were smokelesstobacco users and 65.4% were smokers and 65.4% were dual users. The median age of the respondents was 20 years and the majority were 18-20 years. Only 1.1% had good knowledge concerning risk of tobacco use. Father education, father smoking habit, presence of friends using tobacco, receiving tobacco advertise-ments from company and media and parental monitoring were significant predictors of tobacco use among male adolescents. Male adolescents who have friends using tobacco were 9 times more likely to use tobacco while adjusting the other factors. The study conducted that tobacco use among male adolescents shows no sign of decreasing. Interventions such as health promotion training for the adolescents together with their friends about the harmful effect of tobacco use should be promoted at the school level. Advertising campaigns against tobacco use are also needed to be strengthened to promote behavioral change within the specific age group and gender.
- PublicationFactors associated with resilient Thai students of international programs in Bangkok, Thailand(2017) Satoshi Inoura; Prapapun Chucharoen; Bang-on Thepthien; ซาโตชิ อิโนอุระ; ประภาพรรณ จูเจริญ; บังอร เทพเทียน; Mahidol University. ASEAN Institute for Health DevelopmentThis cross-sectional study was conducted to identify the percentage of students who had high level of resilience and examine factors associated with resilience among Thai students in international programs in Bangkok and suburb, Thailand. Data collection were conducted among Thai students aged 18 to 24 in three international programs in May 2017. A self-administered questionnaire employed was composed of demographic factors, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) and Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) questionnaire. A total of 379 questionnaires were used in data collection and for analysis. Chi-square tests were performed to identify the association between independence variables and resilience and multiple logistic regression was used to determine predictors of resilience. The result showed over half (53%) of respondents were in high level of resilience. The result of Chi-square tests showed that age and peer support were the factors significantly associated with resilience level (p-value<0.01). In logistic regression, age (Adj. OR= 2.53, 95%CI=1.52-4.20) sex (Adj. OR=1.67, 95%CI=1.07-2.61) and peer support (Adj. OR=2.70, 95%CI=1.66-4.41) were significant factors. In con -clusion, an individual who has low resilience could be difficult to deal with adversity or difficulties regardless of ACEs level, and it would be more essential to explore the protective factors that lead to positive adaptation in different contexts. The result also implied that resilience could have been nurtured as the times go by with close peer company in their lives. Especially among youths in the study, male had higher resilience than female. However, there are still unknown complex factors behind resilience and need to continue further investigation for complex factors under the process of their li