- ItemA Southern Border Provinces Administrative Center (SBPAC) organizational structure model for solving insurgency problem in the Southern provinces of Thailand(Mahidol University. Mahidol University Library and Knowledge Center, 2024) Itthichai Seedam; Somboon Sirisunhirun; Somsak Amornsiriphong; Krish Rugchatjaroen; Jitlada AmornwatanaThis study aimed to 1) discover the development of the organizational structure of Southern Border Provinces Administrative Center (SBPAC) including the present organizational structure after the Southern Border Provinces Administrative Act of 2010, 2) study the problems and impediments on the mission derived from the present organizational structure of SBPAC, and 3) recommend the approaches used in improving the organizational structure of SBPAC for more efficient operation. This qualitative research was conducted through approach via the documentary research, in-depth interview with 20 informants, and the discussion group with 38 informants divided into 2 groups (19 in each group). It was revealed that the development of the SBPAC divided into 2 phases: the first phase is without Southern Border Provinces Administrative Act 0f 2010, while the second phase is with the Southern Border Provinces Administrative Act 0f 2010. The problems in the operations of the present organizational structure were the inadequacy of the staff, too many internal offices in the present organizational structure, the formality which provided disadvantages in the operations, and decentralization and centralization. Although there is a decentralization of the authority in decision-making for those staff, but the director has to monitor the operations in order to derive efficiency. It is recommended that the approaches used to solve insurgency problem are the reengineering the organizational structure of SBPAC were the organizational structure reengineering based on the conservativism approach, the reengineering of the organizational structure in terms of downsizing , the set-up of the Matrix organizational structure, and the reduction of the structural size and making much use of the network structure.
- ItemImpacts of an inquiry mastery digital game-based learning approach on students' achievements and perceptions in learning science concepts(Mahidol University. Mahidol University Library and Knowledge Center, 2024) Narisra Komalawardhana; Patcharin Punjaburee; Khajornsak Buaraphan; Wararat WongkiaIn recent years, many studies have reported the benefits of the digital game-based learning in supporting and enhancing students' learning performance and revealed that learning strategy-driven digital game could encourage knowledge construction. Well-designed digital game-based learning environment has been becoming a challenge and crucial research issue. Inquiry-based learning approach has been recognized as an excellent teaching and learning strategy to engage students in constructing knowledge and to make learning more meaningful. Moreover, mastery learning approach has been employed to ensure that all learning objectives could be achieved. In this research, an inquiry mastery digital game-based learning approach was developed in two phases. The first phase evaluated perception and learning interest of students who had different genders and learning styles in the developed digital game-based scientific inquiry approach. The second phase extended the conventional approach into the inquiry mastery digital game-based learning approach by considering personalized achievement level. These two studies revealed that the students had good attitude and learning interest in the digital game based scientific inquiry approach with no gap between gender and learning style. Moreover, the inquiry mastery digital game-based learning approach by considering personalized achievement level could improve the students' learning performance better than the conventional inquiry mastery digital-game based approach. This research suggested that the development of a personalized digital game-based learning with the appropriate learning pedagogies, such as inquiry-based learning and mastery learning approaches improve the students' learning performances in terms of cognitive and affective domains.
- ItemThe music teacher training model for program trainers to develop lifelong learning competencies(Mahidol University. Mahidol University Library and Knowledge Center, 2024) Nicha Chansitthichok; Anak Charanyananda; Narongchai Pidokrajt; Treetip Boonyam; Pansak PolsaramThe music teacher training project supported by the government operates annually with restricted training contents, and shallow understanding of characteristics of music content leading to a limitation in music teacher development. This research aims to (1) explore the current status and structure of music teacher training, (2) construct a model of music teacher training for lifelong learning skills, and (3) develop the trainer's manual of music teacher training as a path to lifelong learning skills. This qualitative research collected data by interviewing 40 samples including music teachers, music trainers and music educators who were involved in music teacher training in 2017-2018, and observing music teacher training exercises. The result of this research found similarity in the type of training courses which mostly are set as a single training course with no continuity to higher level training. The observation and interview data were analyzed for creating the music teacher training model. The model consists of three parts (1) input information: training type, participants, course output, course content, and assessment (2) designing training process: the activities and details in training process, and (3) output: developing lifelong learning competencies
- ItemIncidence and predictors of progression in chronic kidney disease(Mahidol University. Mahidol University Library and Knowledge Center, 2024) Tadsaneewan Gantagad; Siriorn Sindhu; Chukiat Viwatwongkasem; Ketsarin UtriyaprasitChronic kidney disease usually causes a decline in kidney function and results end stage renal disease. The objective of the study consisted of determining the incidence of faster kidney disease progression and determining factors affecting on kidney disease progression among patients with chronic kidney disease. The samples in this study included 2,185 patients' medical records, and 360 patients with chronic kidney disease who visited outpatient clinic in eight hospitals located in one of the health area and Bangkok Metropolitan administration area. The results showed the incidence of faster kidney disease progression was 13.12 per 100 persons-years. The predicting factors of faster kidney disease progression were CKD knowledge 0.54 (95% CI 0.43 - 0.72, p < .01), self-management ability 0.79 (95% CI 0.71-0.88, p < .01), self-management support 0.12 (95% CI 0.06-0.25, p < .01). The paths of factors affecting kidney disease progression included CKD knowledge (β = 0.11, p < .001), self-management support were significant (β = 0.03, p < .001), path from the CKD knowledge to kidney disease progression were significant (β = -0.19, p < 0.05), path from self-management to kidney disease progression were significant (β = -0.15, p < .001). The results of the testing revealed Chi-square (χ2) = 2.06, df = 1, p = 0.15, RMSEA = 0.05, NFI = 0.98. The study result imply that health care provider including nurse may enhance the success of delaying the kidney function decline by providing CKD knowledge and self-management support. In addition, human resource allocation is necessary for health service system in both of quantity and quality of provider.
- ItemLocal administrative organization capacity development for tourism promotion in Andaman coastal provinces(Mahidol University. Mahidol University Library and Knowledge Center, 2024) Sakda Kajornbun; Nopraenue Sajjarax Dhirathiti; Sirirat Choonhaklai; Siriporn Yamnill; Buraskorn TorutThe purpose of this research is to (1) study an operational status of Local Administrative Organization (LAO) for tourism promotion; (2) investigate organizational capacity for tourism promotion along with capacity components; and (3) offer LAO capacity development approaches. A mixed methods research was employed by divided into 3 phases: (1) conducting field trips to interview tourism promotion administrators and operational officials at 10 tourism outstanding LAOs in 5 provinces to look for the answers on their current operational status and capacity as well as its components and develop them into a capacity structural equation model for tourism promotion; (2) testing the model, in a quantitative form, with empirical data to see the consistency together with the relation of cause and effect among capacity variables through a questionnaire survey with LAO personnel in the Andaman Coastal provinces in which 556 questionnaire sets were returned from 208 units; and (3) interviewing information providers who were administrators, operational officials, provincial local administrators, tourism academics, and local administration academics for recommendation on LAO capacity development approaches. The findings from data analysis reveal that LAOs in the Andaman Coastal provinces perform the tourism promotion missions by focusing on preparing sufficient infrastructure development to cope with the increasing number of tourists, and conducting tourism service development being done by both LAO and private enterprise as well as performing ongoing tourism stimulation activity projects. As for the organizational capacity, it comprises 5 components: strategic leadership, internal management, network and relation, infrastructure management, and financial management. It is found on testing the capacity structural equation model that capacity consistencies with empirical data are X2= 77.43, df=65, P=0.138, X2/df =1.191, CFI=1.00 RMSEA=0.010 SRMR=0.009 which demonstrate that factors of positive direct effects toward tourism promotion are network and relation, financial management, and infrastructure management with the affected coefficient of 0.735, 0.188 and 0.143, respectively. Moreover, strategic leadership and internal management also show indirect effects with the affected coefficient of 0.162 and 0.087. LAO capacity approaches for tourism promotion include (a) emphasis on local resources as a tourism selling point; (b) operation of network style being comprised different partners within a community, e.g., state and private sectors, entrepreneurs, especially local public participation in order to be in line with the LAO establishment; and (c) the development on LAO administrators and staffs to continuously update their understanding on the roles of tourism promotion and create management mechanism to support such promotion. administration.
- ItemFactors predicting clinical outcomes in patients sustaining road traffic injury during the emergency phase(Mahidol University. Mahidol University Library and Knowledge Center, 2024) Petcharat Eiamla-or; Orapan Thosingha; Suporn Danaidutsadeekul; Chukiat ViwatwongkasemThe purpose of this study was to examine the factors predicting clinical outcomes in patients sustaining road traffic injury at emergency department (ED) and before hospital discharge. A cohort study research design was conducted at 12 hospitals in the Bangkok Metropolitan and the central region of Thailand. The sample comprised of 520 trauma patients and 157 triage nurses. Data were collected using questionnaire from April, 2016 to March, 2017. Descriptive statistics and logistic regressions were employed for data analysis. The results revealed that majority of patients (74.6%) had accident on the main road, using motorbike (81.15%), and was a rider or driver (70.77%). Around half of them used the motor vehicle with expired motor compulsory insurance. Around 75% did not wear any safety equipment protection, and 64% drank alcohol before driving. More than a half (54.6%) was classified into Emergency Severity Index (ESI) level I. The majority of injured body region was head (72.31%) and extremities (60.58%); 59.2% had Injury severity Scores (ISS) ranged from 25-49.). Probability of survival scores was 85.8%. On ED arrival, there were 208 patients (40%) who were in shock stage. At ED discharge, 41.35% recovered from shock, but 51.92% were still in shock, and 6.73% died. At emergency department discharged, 62.9% of them were not in shock stage, 33.8% demonstrated shock, and 3.3% died.On scene care and severity of injuries can explain the clinical outcomes at emergency department discharged at 4.8%. At the phase before hospital discharge, 9.8% were discharged from the hospital with permanent disability, and 65.2% still had at least 1 organ dysfunction. There were 24.2% of patients who died during hospital stay. The finding also indicated that on scene care, severity of injuries, patient's age, having valid motor vehicle compulsory insurance and MSI at emergency department discharged, can explain clinical outcomes before hospital discharge at 25.6%. Patients who were transferred from the scene by advanced ambulances showed the odd of survival rate 2.076 times higher (95% Cl, 1.215-3.545; p=.007) than those who were transferred by the foundation's van, personal pick up van or taxi. It is recommended that patients with severe road traffic injury should receive effective on scene management and being transferred by an advanced ambulance. Modified Shock Index should be utilized as a standard scoring system for patients with severe injuries. In order to improve clinical outcomes, prevent permanent disability and decrease mortality among patients with severe injuries, hemodynamic status should be monitored and managed throughout their hospital stay.
- ItemThe development of labour relations system for promotion of good governance in human resource management of public higher education institutions(Mahidol University. Mahidol University Library and Knowledge Center, 2024) Aree Phasansinthuwong; Chokchai Suttawet; Siriporn Yamnill; Jitlada AmornwatanaThe objectives of this research were to study the development and the issues on labour relations system and relationship with human resource management of public higher education institutions, to search for the best practices and outstanding guidelines on labour relations in public sector, as well as to seek a suitable system in promoting good governance in such public higher education institutions area, including recommendation for developing the labour relations system to promote good governance in the human resource management. This study was conducted as Mixed Method Research with Concurrent Embedded Strategy that mainly emphasized on qualitative data coupled with quantitative data. Qualitative data was gathered through the study of documents and indepth interviews with 58 informants and a focus group discussion with 7 participants. As for the quantitative data, Purposive Sampling was conducted among 83 higher education institutions, and a questionnaire was used to collect the data. The findings showed that the development and issues of labour relations and its relationship to human resource management of public higher education institutions is in a seriously unqualified situation to good governance, inhibiting from a coverage of industrial relations law, and including the differences in fundamental idea of labour relations system practicing in public higher education institutions. The pattern and best practice guideline to promote good governance in such matter, comprises two key mechanisms, namely, Joint Consultation System by setting up of a Joint Consultation Committee of the University staff and Management representatives as compared to the trade union role in a company's consultation body. The success factors of promoting the compatibility of the labour relations system and human resource management, are consisted of political, cultural, organizational, economic, technological, organizational factors, and the influence of the International Labour Organizations's standards. However, the leadership factors and a political support have been mentioned more than the other factors. Regarding the development on labour relations system to promote good governance and policies, the State should review Labour Relations Laws to ensure the rights of all University employees and other employed workers. There should be the announcement of policy on measures promoting an integration of labour relations at organizational and national levels to connect labour relations with good governance on human resource management. Regarding the practical level, the agencies for managing labour relations should be established as well as promoting the roles of Lecturers and Staff Council as a workers' democratic organization, to negotiate and consult with the management.
- ItemThe development of public policy and administration on social security in ASEAN : a case study of social insurance for Thai migrant workers(Mahidol University. Mahidol University Library and Knowledge Center, 2024) Wilailak Yoosamran; Chokechai Suttawet; Gamolporn Sonsri; Ratthasirin WangkanondThe research aimed to study the development of public policy and administration on social security, as well as explore factors affecting the directions and changes in public policy as related to social security for ASEAN migrant workers, including the study of operational conditions and problems of public agencies in charge of social insurance benefits protection for Thai overseas migrant workers in the host countries: Singapore, Malaysia, and Brunei, and lastly develop schemes and guidelines on social insurance benefit protection for such migrants. This study was a mixed-method research employed concurrent procedure of the qualitatively-driven core component coupled with simultaneous QUAL+quan. Qualitative data were collected using in-depth interviews with 55 key informants and 30 Thai migrant workers for focus group discussion. The sample groups of the quantitative research selected by purpose sampling were 275 Thai migrant workers. Research revealed that the development of policy and administration on social security for ASEAN migrant workers had not obviously conducted joint operation between ASEAN member countries. Factors affecting the directions and changes in public policy as related to social security for ASEAN migrant workers comprised of economic, social, political, technological factors and international organization in which technological factor was less mentioned than other factors. Meantime, the operation conditions and problems of agencies in charge of social insurance protection for Thai migrant workers involved numerous limitations, especially on the short-term benefit, including obstacles imposed by different countries. This created inferior treatments for Thai migrant workers as compared to the country own citizens. As for possible schemes and guidelines for social insurance benefit protection for Thai migrant workers, only Thailand measures or the measures of country of origin were most appropriate and likely applied, followed by measures of disputed countries. Nonetheless, bi-lateral measures and ASEAN's multi-country measures were difficult to operate, especially the latter measure is the most difficult because it is imperative to amend laws in each country prior to negotiation and making of long-term agreement.
- ItemPublic service improvement of industrial waste management and new management approach through net-working for sustainable development(Mahidol University. Mahidol University Library and Knowledge Center, 2024) Peerapong Nissapokin; Chokechai Suttawet; Somboon Sirisunhirun; Seree Woraphong; Kanokwan KomonweeraketThis research is aimed at three main objectives, (1) to study the industrial waste management measurements of advanced countries applying the industrial wastes management principles at the international level, and make a comparison with the domestic standard measurements for the industrial waste management in Thailand, (2) to study the situation in industrial waste management and the problems in the net-working approach of the government sectors and private sectors (factories), both internal and external industrial estate, and (3) to develop a new way of government public service of industrial wastes management among concerned organizations for increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of industrial waste management for continuous sustainable development. The research work is a qualitative -lead quantitative integration kind. The tools of research were in-depth interview, questionnaire and focus group. The used statistics for data analysis are the percentage, mean, and standard deviation. Findings; 1. It was found that the 10 international principles are consisted of 1) Reduction 2) Re-use 3) Recycle 4) Treatment 5) Disposal 6) Sorting 7) Recovery 8) Prevention 9) Storage 10) Energy and material conservation. That not all of those 10 international principles aforementioned were applied for assessment from the private sectors (factories), both inside and outside the industrial estate, gave most use of disposal, and gave least recovery, or showing that it was not emphasized at the main cause or at the original as in many other advanced or progressed industrial countries in the International Standard Level are doing. 2. The Efficiency and effectiveness of the government sectors in wastes management of both inside and outside of the industrial estate, in the Samut Sakhorn Province, including the participation, cooperation and collaboration from the community were at the moderate level, this indicated that the industrial waste management of the government sectors is still needed highly to improve for higher efficiency and effectiveness of services. 3. The new trends in improvement of public service by the government for promoting the net-working approach management should be in setting up or creating committees that work in each zone, district or provincial level, including integration of private sectors (factories), by support from the government, for collection and accumulation of industrial wastes in each of the provincial zones and areas. The project should begin in Samut Sakhon Province.
- ItemSubjectivity and experience of socail suffering of Thai undocumented laborers in South Korea(Mahidol University. Mahidol University Library and Knowledge Center, 2024) Kanika Ussasarn; Penchan Pradubmook-Sherer; Pimpawun Boonmongkon; Guadamuz, ThomasThe objectives of this research were to analyze the power relationship and social structure that affected subjectivity and experience of social suffering of the Thai undocumented laborers in South Korea and to understand how they construct practices to negotiate with social sufferings. This was a multi-sited ethnography that used fifteen participants and thirty-five key informants selected using purposive sampling. In-depth interview and participant observation were used in collecting data both in two rural villages in Thailand and in one rural village in South Korea. The results showed that marginalization of the government development forced people to change their way of life from peasants to migrant laborers. The participants perceived their undocumented labor status in diverse meanings impacted on emotions, thoughts and practices in everyday life. As Thai undocumented laborers, participants faced with exploitation and discrimination in working places, physical and verbal abuses, sexual harassment, work-related illness and inaccessibility to health care services, and fear for arrest and deportation. Participants however, could construct various practices to solve their sufferings. The results could be applied to guide related government organizations to accept a precise labor supply by Korean employers and adjust an appropriate regulation for employment permit system. Thai undocumented laborers, therefore, could access more to the government employment.